Israel is rarely out of the headlines, but it’s rarely off the front page when there’s any sort of military action happening in the area. News coverage is not only subject to bias, but often takes events out of historical context or simply doesn’t have the space to tell the whole story. Find out the real story here.
Though Israel had been attacked repeatedly, since its inception, the northern border with Lebanon had remained relatively quiet. However, the large influx of Palestinian refugees after 1948 and the events of “Black September” in 1970—the violent suppression of militant Palestinian organizations by King Hussein of Jordan—led to the establishment of PLO headquarters in Lebanon, and caused a radicalization of many of the country’s inhabitants. Read more »
The peace process, which began in 1993 with the Oslo Accords, was never truly finalized, and soon began to significantly deteriorate. In July 2000, Israeli Prime Minister Ehud Barak, Palestinian Authority Chairman Yasser Arafat and United States President Bill Clinton met at Camp David for the Middle East Peace Summit. Unlike the meetings seven years earlier, this summit failed, each side blaming the other as unwilling to compromise. The main issues which the two sides could not agree upon were Jerusalem and Temple Mount, Israel’s security concerns, the Palestinian “right of return,” and territorial disputes. Arafat and Barak walked out, and the lack of progress led to frustration in the Palestinian settlements. Read more »
The 1990s brought Israel into a new era. Following the victory of the US and its coalition in the Gulf War, during which Israel had been attacked by Iraqi Scud missiles but did not retaliate, hopes for peace were renewed. In addition, the collapse of the communist Soviet Union and the end of the Cold War led to greater hopes of moving toward a “new world order.” Read more »
The “road map” for peace, the plan to provide the ultimate solution to the Palestinian-Israeli conflict, has had a history of fitful starts and stops since its inception in 2002. It has been fraught with violent outbreaks and disagreements on both sides. It currently is in a state of limbo—because of its strong backing from the US, it has not been completely disregarded, but the quick peace envisioned has not come to pass. Read more »
“Intifada” means “shaking up” or “shaking off,” and is the term applied to the uprisings against Israel in modern times. Though the term is used in other countries to refer to uprisings against the ruling government, the word has special significance in Israel. Israel’s First Intifada lasted from 1987 until 1991, finally dying off with the onset of the Gulf War. Read more »